Shut Up and Take My Money…Before I Board

Rather than spending decades coordinating on farecards and behind the scenes payment technologies, transit agencies, and other organizations with their own currency, should join the rest of the world and just use standard modern payment technologies. Not special edition MasterCards.  Not new consortiums of region-only standardized fare cards. Use soon-to-be run of the mill NFC-enabled smart phones, cash, and credit cards, i.e., the common forms of money already in our wallet or on our person. But for all of our sake, do it off-board.

Inside my wallet

Inside my wallet

We have credit-card-able parking meters throughout Minneapolis now. Any location worthy of being served by fixed-route transit should be worthy of an off-board fare-collection mechanism (to speed boarding), as ubiquitous as modern parking meters, which can take cash, coins, pin-and-chip credit cards, and NFC. One for every bus stop.

If the bus stop doesn’t justify the capital investment of a pre-payment machine, maybe it doesn’t justify fixed route service, and some form of demand-responsive transportation (paratransit, “ridesharing”, etc.) is warranted instead.

Modern parking meters cost about $500 to $5000 to install (depending on which article you believe and the technology). Assuming bus stop collection would be similar, at 12,000 bus stops, that would be $6 million – $60 million (and let’s assume they last 10 years). Of course there are too many bus stops as well. And someone will complain they really cost more because of some obscure standard.

However for even $60 million we would speed up bus boarding significantly. If Metro Transit had 70,000,000 bus riders per year (not quite) for 10 years, that is 700 million rides to spread the costs over, or $0.09 per ride. If I am on a bus with 20 other people boarding before I alight (I pulled these numbers from thin air), and every person saves 5 seconds per boarding with pre-payment and all-door boarding (also thin air) (all-door boarding saves at least 1-2s per boarding if there are no alightings; pre-payment speeds this further by up to 3s per boarding), that’s 100 seconds per trip in personal costs per rider. At $15/hour = $0.00416/second, I save $0.41 per ride. $0.41 >> $0.09 so this is surely worthwhile from a transportation economics perspective, not even considering lowered bus operating costs from an agency that can move its buses faster without on-board payment delays, and reduced costs of on-board fare collection. The faster buses will attract more riders, and thus spread the fixed costs even more widely.

Pre-payment then requires proof-of-payment on-board or pre-boarding enforcement somehow. That enforcement should be self-funding if not profitable, as if the enforcers are not raising even enough to pay their own costs, the system is over-enforced.


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12 Responses to Shut Up and Take My Money…Before I Board

  1. Walker Angell
    Walker Angell September 18, 2015 at 7:50 am #

    Yes! And integrated across all modes; bus, train, bikeshare, parking meters, taxi’s & Lyft, carshare, indoor bike parking (when we finally get it), etc.

    BTW, congrats to Mpls on finally getting a phone app for parking meter payment. A tiny, or not so when it’s cold and raining, bit or progress.

  2. mplsjaromir September 18, 2015 at 8:18 am #

    The last article is spot on. In Munich fare collectors work on a consignment basis.

    • mplsjaromir September 18, 2015 at 8:18 am #

      last paragraph

  3. Rosa September 18, 2015 at 9:05 am #

    Metro Transit can’t even master a system on their fare machines that will let you buy differently priced tickets on one transaction. Every time we travel with grandparents & child, we miss the train because the ticket machine is so slow. I guess we could just overpay instead but it is so frustrating to see the train coming, start buying your ticket, and still be waiting on the machine as the train pulls away from your station.

    • Joe Scott
      Joe Scott September 19, 2015 at 8:50 pm #

      Metro Transit can’t even buy a machine that spits out a piece of paper like any other machine that spits out paper and instead forces you to bend over and pull it out from behind a flap like a bag of Doritos.

  4. Matt Steele
    Matt Steele September 18, 2015 at 9:26 am #

    Of course it would also be cheaper if we reduced the number of bus stops, from 12,000 down to maybe 8-9,000, by moving to quarter mile stop spacing as a standard.

  5. eric September 18, 2015 at 9:40 am #

    Matt is there a streets.mn article about reducing the number of bus stops? Seem to remember the topic but a quick search brought me elsewhere.

    On a side note, the search brought me to the “new bus stop signs” post. Is there any follow-up on that? TIA

  6. Peter Bajurny September 18, 2015 at 11:27 am #

    Don’t abolish regional/system specific transit cards! They’re my favorite travel souvenir.

  7. Jesse September 22, 2015 at 9:38 am #

    I think GoTo card is pretty quick, but yes allowing people to board through the backdoor (with another payment terminal there) could speed things up. There may be some issues with non-payments though.

    Also, I think since they accept contactless GoTo cards, they should just also accept contactless Android Pay or Apple Pay while they’re at it (similarly to Chicago, etc.) so you don’t need to buy a card if you’re an occasional rider.

  8. Ben Franske September 23, 2015 at 3:12 pm #

    I don’t think you’ve made any compelling arguments for pre-payment. I’m pretty confident that pre-payment terminals would run at least $5000 each, plus substantial additional operating costs. Given the cost of installing and running them what advantage does it have over the current system?

    If speed is the issue I think we’d be better served by embracing NFC payment (Apple/Androd and direct NFC credit cards) for occasional riders as well as transit cards for regular riders (perhaps phasing those out eventually). There is no reason that rear boarding can’t be implemented with that type of system. Putting so much money into fixed infrastructure seems a poor choice for a bus system.