Small Units in Minneapolis May Become More Viable

 

tiny house

A very small house in Toronto. (Img Designboom.)

Minneapolis may eliminate the Minimum Lot Area requirement in many zoning districts, which would make it easier to construct smaller housing units in the city. Minimum Lot Area is one type of density control that requires that a certain amount of land area exist per housing unit. City staff and the Minneapolis Planning Commission would like to eliminate it in many of the higher density zoning districts so that developers can build micro and other small apartment units (read staff report here).

Minimum Lot Area is just one type of zoning control, and the City’s view is that other zoning regulations are better at controlling density, such as Floor Area Ratio (amount of building area to land, essentially building bulk), parking requirements, maximum permitted height, minimum unit size, yard set backs (how far from the property line), and maximum building coverage (of the lot).

An example outlined in the City staff report:

For example, a development with R5 zoning on a 70,000 square-foot lot can incorporate 100 dwelling units, prior to considering any applicable density bonuses. This theoretical development might build all two-bedroom units, for a total of 200 bedrooms. Under existing regulations, a developer could not construct the same building with 200 units containing one bedroom each (again, totaling 200 bedrooms).
Thus, while the two comparable buildings might house the same number of people, one development — the one with fewer and larger units —could be constructed under existing regulations while the other could not. While the building with more dwelling  units might intuitively generate more apprehension from nearby residents concerned about “density,” it’s worth noting that a  building with a higher number of dwelling units would also be required to provide a higher number of off-street parking spaces.

The Zoning & Planning Committee of the Minneapolis City Council voted last Thursday to delay the vote until October 1st based on a request from Council Member Tuthill to allow more community engagement, specifically in Ward 10, as her concern, according to witnesses, was that many residents have been on vacation and are not aware of the proposed changes.

A meeting to present information, and surely to hear feedback, is scheduled for Thursday, September 12th, from 7:00pm to 8:30pm 8:00pm at Bryant Square Park (3101 Bryant Avenue S) in Uptown.

Should you have interest in attending or participating, you contact your City Council Member and attend the September 12th and October 1st meetings.

 

A Weehouse, a small living space designed by Alchemy, a Minneapolis-baed firm.

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2 Responses to Small Units in Minneapolis May Become More Viable

  1. Alex August 26, 2013 at 9:56 am #

    I certainly agree with this initiative because of the perverse incentives towards larger units that you mentioned, and also because the size of the lot has little to do with the number of units you can fit on it, especially when there are few units and when there are multiple stories.

    This why I find CPED’s implementation a bit odd – they are retaining the per unit minimum lot area requirement in their R3 and R4 districts. If they really find other metrics to be better regulators of density, why can’t they apply those in R3 & R4? Wouldn’t now be the time to do so? I understand wanting to take things one step at a time, but it seems to just add unfathomable complexity to have a regulator of density that is only applicable in certain districts.

    • Nathaniel M Hood
      Nathaniel August 26, 2013 at 10:57 am #

      Alex – Yes, the implementation is odd. This is the same argument that’s made regarding Minneapolis’ pedestrian overlay districts (which are coded to be more “urban”). I am curious to know how much of this implementation is a byproduct of neighborhood politics. It’s as if CPED wants small units, but doesn’t want to deal with the fallout of annoying residents in single-family neighborhoods?

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