Refining an Idea: 26th/28th Streets

Starting next year, Minneapolis plans to repave 26th and 28th Streets between I-35W and Hiawatha Ave, continuing west to Hennepin Ave in the future. Though nominally a repaving project, the city has also budgeted $400K for bicycle improvements on the two streets and is undertaking a planning study on how to potentially reconfigure the street, with a public meeting to share design concepts scheduled for this Wednesday, the 6th.

After a neighborhood walk-through last month, suggestions were made by fellow Streets.MN writer Janne Flisrand. The ideas included some far-reaching items such as a two-way conversion and protected cycle-tracks. But since this project is initially focusing on what can be done within the existing street width, a deeper look needs to be made at ideas that can be done within those curbs.

After reviewing the latest traffic counts plus street width data from MnDOT State Aid and the City of Minneapolis, I used the excellent street design tools at StreetMix to create a series of potential street cross-sections, modeled to evaluate different bicycle facilities and lane configurations with the varying street widths along 26th and 28th Streets. The full set of cross-sections can be viewed on Flickr.

In short, what I found is that the ideas proposed by Janne are technically possible.

Lowry Hill East neighborhood (west of Lyndale)

The Lowry Hill East neighborhood, between Hennepin Ave and Lyndale Ave, has the narrowest street widths along both corridors, about 36ft. It also has the lowest traffic volumes along both corridors, which makes it a good candidate for two-way conversion, as visualized below:

 

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Potential two-way configuration on 26th and 28th Streets, image by the author

In this configuration, 26th and 28th would have one lane in each direction between Hennepin and Lyndale Avenues, with on-street parking on both sides of the street, a marked improvement over today’s parking prohibition on one side on most blocks. This configuration would also easily allow for bump-outs at corners with intersecting streets. Though no dedicated bicycle facilities are included, sharrows could be painted in the lanes.

If dedicated bicycle facilities are desired, two options are possible, both keeping the current parking prohibition on one side of the street. One option provides narrow bike lanes on both sides, while a second option sacrifices one of the bike lanes for a single, buffered bike lane in one direction. This second option would be one way to connect bicycle facilities on 26th and 28th further east to the Bryant Ave Bike Boulevard.

Whittier neighborhood

The Whittier neighborhood between Lyndale Ave and I-35W presents great opportunities but also great challenges, as it has some of the widest and narrowest sections of 26th and 28th Streets along the entire corridor. The basic idea through Whittier and continuing all the way east to Cedar Ave is to keep both streets as one-way streets, but incorporating a “road diet” in order to provide a two-way cycletrack on 26th Street and a buffered bike lane on 28th Street.


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Suggested cross-section for 26th Street between Blaisdell and Lyndale Ave, image by the author

The above section of 26th Street, between Blaisdell Ave and Lyndale Ave, is the only area where on-street parking would need to be removed in order to build a cycletrack. For most of these suggested ideas, existing on-street parking would be retained, with some blocks even adding new on-street parking.

Extra street width on both streets in the vicinity of Nicollet Ave provides the potential for several additional amenities. At 26th and Nicollet, on-street buffered bicycle parking could be provided in front of the Black Forest Inn. At 28th and Nicollet, on-street bike parking and a parklet are possible in front of the Whittier Clinic. This additional street width extends to some extent between Blaisdell Ave and Stevens Ave, enough to where both streets can offer on-street parking on both sides in addition to the bicycle facilities, providing another buffer between vehicle traffic and pedestrians on the sidewalks.

The main challenge in Whittier is the 3-block stretch of 26th Street between Stevens Ave and Clinton Ave, where the street width is only 38ft curb-to-curb. A 2-way cycletrack is still possible here, but only 9ft in width with minimal separation from traffic lanes. On-street parking is also possible, as seen in the below cross-section:

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Suggested cross-section for 26th Street between Clinton Ave and Stevens Ave, image by the author

Phillips neighborhood

The Phillips part of the corridor is characterized by high traffic volumes traveling to/from major employers. Childrens Hospital, Abbott Northwestern Hospital, and Wells Fargo Home Mortgage are all major employers and traffic generators in the area. The highest traffic volumes on both streets are where they approach Chicago Ave. These high traffic volumes drive the demand for multiple vehicle travel lanes along both streets, which makes implementing bicycle facilities challenging. However, both streets are a consistent, and wide, 44ft in width, so there is adequate room to provide improvements.

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Suggested cross-section for 28th Street between 4th Ave and Chicago Ave, image by the author

This cross-section is typical for what I suggest on 28th Street between I-35W and Chicago Ave, with three travel lanes and a buffered bike lane. The suggested cross-section for 26th Street is very similar, including the 2-way cycletrack idea for that street. A variation of this turns the left lane on 28th Street into an on-street parking lane during off-peak time periods. If traffic conditions are such that two lanes are enough for eastbound 28th Street, a more radical variation is possible, in that 28th Street could be converted to 2-way operation between Stevens Ave and 10th Ave S, with 1 westbound lane and 2 eastbound lanes. This would provide hospital and Wells Fargo traffic another way to get to the southbound I-35W on-ramp on Stevens Ave without having to deal with Lake Street, and would potentially relieve traffic on westbound Lake Street. This could be done either without or with a westbound bike lane as well.

East of Chicago Ave to Cedar Ave, the suggested cross-section for 26th Street is similar to what it is through West Phillips, with a 2-way buffered cycletrack on the south side of the street, two westbound travel lanes, and a 3rd peak-period lane that becomes a parking lane during non-peak periods. Along 28th Street east of Chicago Ave, where there is less need for so many traffic lanes, the street width easily allows for 2 travel lanes, parking lanes on both sides, and a buffered bike lane.

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Suggested cross-section for 28th Street between 17th Ave and Cedar Ave, image by the author

Another unique opportunity presents itself on 28th Street between 17th Ave and Cedar Ave, as visualized above. In this stretch, on-street parking is limited to one side, while a contraflow cycletrack (extending east of Cedar Ave) is included, providing an alternative route connecting the Hiawatha LRT Bike Route and the Midtown Greenway to the 17th Ave Bike Boulevard.

East of Cedar Ave

The East Phillips area, east of Cedar Ave, is largely industrial area, reminiscent of its history abutting the railroad. Both 26th and 28th have 2-way traffic in this area, connecting to the busy Hiawatha Ave. Even though this area is mostly industrial, several significant bike connections can be made. 26th Street continues east of Hiawatha Ave into the Seward neighborhood, one of the few to do so. 28th Street connects directly to the Midtown Greenway, and both streets have connections to the Hiawatha LRT Bike Route.

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Suggested cross-section for 26th Street between Hiawatha Ave and Cedar Ave, image by the author

The above is the typical section I suggest on 26th between Hiawatha and Cedar, with two westbound lanes (one with a sharrow), a single eastbound lane, an eastbound bike lane, and on-street parking. If a dedicated westbound lane is desired, the on-street parking could be removed to allow for it.

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Suggested cross-section for 28th Street between Cedar Ave and Hiawatha Ave, image by the author

As parking is already prohibited along 28th east of Cedar Ave, and eastbound 28th is narrowed to a single lane at the Midtown Greenway crossing, I opted to perpetuate these two items while using street width for other improvements. A center left turn lane is added, as are buffered bike lanes on both sides of 28th. These bike lanes, along with a contraflow lane suggested above between 17th and Cedar, provide network redundancy and offer another way to connect from the Hiawatha LRT Bike Path and the Midtown Greenway to the 17th Ave Bike Boulevard.

At the Greenway crossing, the street is reconstructed slightly to allow the bike lanes to connect directly to the Greenway. East of the Greenway, bike traffic uses the already existing bike path, but at Hiawatha Ave, a large bumpout could easily be added to shorten the pedestrian street crossing.

Summing It Up

The repaving project presents an opportunity for the city to incorporate bicycle and pedestrian improvements along a busy, highly populated corridor while at the same time right-sizing the street. A dedicated cycletrack along 26th and a bike lane along 28th would further fill in the bicycle network and provide safe facilities for all bicycle riders. Bump-outs would reduce the street width pedestrians would have to cross. And enough travel lanes can still be provided for traffic to access the major employers along the corridor.

The next step is to let the city know that it is possible to build these facilities. If you have the opportunity and would like your voice heard, please attend the public meeting this Wednesday (the 6th) at 6pm at the American Swedish Institute, 2600 Park Ave S.


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19 Responses to Refining an Idea: 26th/28th Streets

  1. Aaron Isaacs
    Aaron Isaacs August 4, 2014 at 10:40 am #

    Metro Transit has long wanted a contraflow bus lane on 26th Street between 3rd and 5th Avenues. That would permit the #11 bus to run both ways on 5th Avenue, better serving Wells Fargo Home Mortgage and nearby residences on the east side of 35W. Currently the southbound buses stay on the west side of 35W via 26th and Stevens, using 28th to reach 4th Avenue S.

    Because of the limited bus traffic (every 30 minutes most of the day), buses could be permitted in an eastbound bike lane at reduced speed (10 mph) and that would get the job done.

    • Froggie August 4, 2014 at 1:26 pm #

      It would require a shared bus-bike lane (something I’m not personally fond of) and eliminating all on-street parking on the narrow block between 3rd and Clinton, but this might be possible. Further south, it would work best if a traffic study shows that 28th could be converted to 2-way…otherwise it would have to use “Wells Fargo Way” between 27th/5th and 28th/4th, or cross over from 5th to 4th along or south of Lake St.

      Here’s a couple graphics to show how this might work. The first is the narrow block between 3rd and Clinton. The second graphic nominally shows the cross-section over I-35W (after the bridge is replaced in a couple years), but this cross-section basically extends from Clinton to 5th.

      https://www.flickr.com/photos/ajfroggie/14826242461/in/set-72157645339985689

      https://www.flickr.com/photos/ajfroggie/14849170723/in/set-72157645339985689

      • Matt Steele
        Matt Steele August 4, 2014 at 1:47 pm #

        Buses could not navigate the tight corners on Wells Fargo Way. It’s 10′ lanes with curbs on both sides and a tight radius. I’ve seen trucks stuck there multiple times. And it’s a private street anyways, so I’m doubtful it would be allowed. If anything, it would be easier for the southbound 11 to hop from 5th to 4th via the private ramp just north of the Greenway. But it is already problematic to cross 28th Street at 5th Avenue, and buses would get delayed. But 4th Avenue often backs up from Lake Street to 28th (especially during winter) so the bus is already very slow.

        • Aaron Isaacs
          Aaron Isaacs August 4, 2014 at 2:47 pm #

          The southbound bus doesn’t have to get back to 4th Avenue at 28th Street. It would continue on 5th Avenue to Lake Street. That will allow it to connect with the future Midtown Greenway rail line.

  2. Nicole August 4, 2014 at 10:51 am #

    The problem with only an eastbound bike lane on 28th around Chicago is that, upon exiting the Greenway, there is no good way to travel west. One either has to go south to Lake St (yikes!) or north to 26th, which requires crossing 28th (and in my case, my destination is on Chicago between Lake and 28th), which necessitates crossing 28th yet again and traveling along it. Considering that there are many destinations along Chicago, and the Greenway is the major East-West route through the city, somehow good access to Chicago needs to be addressed with this plan.

    (In fairness, I could exit the Greenway down at Park Ave, going further out of my way and looping back east, but…Greenway. However, right now, that means traveling East along the 28th St deathtrap, which is a non-starter).

    • Nicole August 4, 2014 at 10:53 am #

      Obviously, this is a nit-picky detail, and ANYTHING that slows down traffic on these streets and gets traffic off the curb will be a VAST improvement. I still can’t figure out how on earth 30+ mph traffic was ever allowed right at the curb with no buffer at all. It’s completely horrible.

    • Matt Brillhart August 4, 2014 at 11:48 am #

      It’s not ideal, but if your destination is on Chicago between Lake and 28th, the shortest (maybe quickest) route would be to dismount and carry your bike up the stairs behind the Sheraton Hotel. (Probably not practical if your bike is really heavy and/or full of stuff)

      • Nicole August 4, 2014 at 5:13 pm #

        That’s not a terrible idea if I’m on a regular bike…mostly I’m on a cargo bike though 🙂 I usually get off on the 10th Ave exit and salmon a block up the sidewalk on 28th. I feel terrible about it until I look at 28th. Even heading back to the Greenway from Chicago I sidewalk ride there.

        I would totally support a 2-way through there. I just can’t imagine the traffic engineers actually going for that.

    • Froggie August 4, 2014 at 12:39 pm #

      Nicole,

      You might have missed it (I won’t blame ya…it’s a lengthy article), but I mentioned the possibility of converting 28th between Stevens and 10th Ave into a 2-way. This would require a traffic study to see if 2 lanes would be okay for eastbound 28th. If so, a single westbound lane from Stevens to 10th is possible, without or (below) with a bike lane:

      https://www.flickr.com/photos/ajfroggie/14821897314/in/set-72157645339985689

      If possible, this would certainly solve your problem. Even if eastbound traffic needs 3 lanes in the area, there looks to be enough extra width on 28th between Chicago and 10th to where a contraflow bike lane might be possible.

    • Rosa August 8, 2014 at 12:28 am #

      Anything that would make 28th easier to cross would make all other choices better. I was really disappointed at that meeting to see so little emphasis on things to make north-south crossings better.

  3. Matt Brillhart August 4, 2014 at 11:57 am #

    These are great ideas/streetmixes. Did you happen to make one for 26th at Lyndale? There would have to be a special intersection treatment there to allow a westbound cyclist to transition to the proper position to cross the intersection (assuming two-way street west of Lyndale). I’m thinking a big green bike box ought to do the trick. In that case, the existing right turn lane to NB Lyndale should probably remain, so right turners aren’t tempted to creep into the bike box.

  4. Erik B August 5, 2014 at 11:39 am #

    Nice brainstorm! Parking on both sides of the street is completely unnecessary on streets that are not commercial corridors. Furthermore, the distance between Clinton and Stevens is what, three short blocks? Removing on-street parking probably wouldn’t inconvenience too many people. With parking only on one side you could build protected bike lanes the entire way.

    • Erik B August 5, 2014 at 11:42 am #

      …or build transit/bus facilities (lane or curb extensions).

    • David August 5, 2014 at 1:28 pm #

      Both-side parking is very desirable in the Wedge, since parking is already super-crunched there. Ideally we would institute demand-pay parking but that’s a ways off. People bike in mixed traffic on 27th all the time and a two-way 26th/28th with parking on both sides in the Wedge wouldn’t be all that different.

  5. Louise C August 6, 2014 at 6:23 pm #

    Can’t the cars park in the spaces between the trees? It would mean one lane extra.
    It would look something like this:

    sidewalk–trees/parked cars–bike(down)–car(down)–car(up)–car(up)–bike(up)–trees/parked cars– sidewalk

    Or it can be two car lanes down and one up, depending on in which direction the road is most busiest usually.

    • Froggie August 6, 2014 at 7:35 pm #

      Not really possible. First, this project is strictly staying within the existing curbs, hence why my designs were created to fit within those curbs. What you suggest would require a lot of curb construction and grading and whatnot.

      Second, the boulevards (space between the sidewalk and street where many of those trees are planted) are not wide enough to fit a parking lane. You need a minimum of 7ft (with 8ft being more standard) for a parking lane. To do what you suggest would mean either narrowing adjacent lanes or narrowing the sidewalk.

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  1. Sunday Summary | streets.mn - August 10, 2014

    […] school); the many comments debate walkability, physical education, accessibility, and more.  Refining an Idea: 26th/28th Streets uses StreetMix to create cross-sections for ideas about 26th and 28th Streets considered recently […]