Active Streetscapes and the Role of Mayo Clinic

One of the most paradoxical aspects of the downtown Rochester ecosystem, is the relationship between Destination Medical Center (DMC) and Mayo Clinic.  It is quite the dichotomy.  On the one hand, Mayo Clinic is DMC.  They were the ones responsible for its inception; the ones who felt compelled to act and create DMC.  The ones who ultimately advocated to the local voters and state legislators for its institution.

On the other hand, Mayo Clinic and DMC want different things.  Mayo Clinic is fundamentally a hospital and as a part of that typology, they need to control all aspects of a building.  The design decisions–all the way down to the type of flooring–carry with them health care implications, and thus, the campus is extremely inward focused.  From HVAC systems to anti-microbial finishes, what happens inside the Mayo Clinic buildings are finely tuned.  For DMC, they want activation, vibrancy, vitality, and the entropic environment that makes cities such exciting places.  These places are wholly uncontrollable outside of the hermetically sealed buildings on campus.

But quite frankly, the Mayo Clinic is running out (some would say has run out) of space.  Demand is at an all time high and supply is low.  As a result–as the saying goes–beggars cannot be choosers.  And so many spaces currently leased/occupied by Mayo Clinic are not in the most ideal locations.  In particular, the ground floors of buildings that front the most urban streets.

What would happen if all Mayo Clinic office space was vacated on the ground level of buildings surrounding the Second Street SW and First Avenue SW intersection?

This epicenter of activity for the Mayo Clinic and the “Heart of the City” (home to Thursdays on First), is currently dominated by commercial office space.  In urban design parlance, this is considered a passive use.  In contrast, an active use consists of retail, restaurant, or services that promote a high amount of pedestrian interaction.  The NE corner of this intersection is a perfect example of active uses (Eagle Drug Store, Essence Skin Salon).  However the SW, SE and NW corners are all populated with ground floor space occupied by Mayo Clinic.  Private offices and conference rooms most of which have the shades all but permanently drawn.

us bank-before us bank-after










The amount of untapped potential that exists in this node of the downtown core is wasted on windows with shades drawn, a lack of entrances, and narrow concrete sidewalks in need of expansion and activation. The base of these buildings should relate to the human scale and allow for interaction between indoors and out. Ground floor uses and retail activities should spill out into the sidewalks and streets to blur the distinction between public and private space. Preferably, active ground floor uses that create enriched experiences along each street for both pedestrians and motorists. Sidewalk activity has been shown to slow vehicular traffic to make pedestrians feel safer when crossing the street.

Image from the DMC Development Plan showing areas highlighted in black slated for "active ground floor uses"

Image from the DMC Development Plan showing areas highlighted in black slated for “active ground floor uses”

Consider what might happen if Mayo Clinic decided to sublease all of their space on this one intersection to other uses, or left entirely to occupy less demanded square footage: the impact on Rochester’s downtown core would be minimal, but the precedent that such an action would create could formalize additional development down the street through the Urban Village and future University of Minnesota Rochester campus. We should be so lucky to have a downtown with these visions of complete streets that are vibrant, accessible, convenient to public transit, linked to surrounding neighborhoods, safer and healthier.

201 building-before201 building-after

Arguably, this Mayo Clinic condition (trend, precedent, rut?) has a much greater impact on the decreased vibrancy of our streetscapes than the skyways ever have.

Or put another way, the skyways are here to stay, but why don’t we make the street a more compelling place to be instead?

Adam Ferrari

About Adam Ferrari

Adam Ferrari is an Architect living and working in Rochester, MN. He is a passionate advocate for quality design of the built environment and promotes the power of design as a tool to help individuals, organizations, and neighborhoods develop a shared vision of a sustainable future. Adam has a breadth of experience with architecture, urban planning, community engagement, community development, affordable housing development, urban design, economic development, and process design. His firm, 9.SQUARE Community Design, is an outgrowth of his years of work performed in Rochester's neighborhoods, with colleges and universities, as a volunteer with the Minnesota Design Team, and his years with the Rochester Area Foundation. 9.SQUARE was recently recognized as a recipient of the Mayor's Medal of Honor for Industry and has been driving force behind adaptive reuse of historic buildings in downtown Rochester, Minnesota.

5 thoughts on “Active Streetscapes and the Role of Mayo Clinic

  1. Matt SteeleMatthew Steele

    Yes please. It’s been so sad to see how Mayo has destroyed streetscapes in Downtown Rochester. The Broadway/2nd intersection is the obvious epicenter, but the tentacles stretch out into the neighborhoods. I used to frequently walk West Center Street from Kutzky Park to Downtown. The parking ramps are one thing – a definite harm to the streetscape – but that’s to be expected. But the non-parking buildings are human-repellant frontages as well.

    Take the Dan Abraham block for example. This building is roughly a decade old, and has already been expanded upwards once since it was built. This building had no expense spared, as evidenced from the material choices up against the sidewalk. This building has one small garage door along this blockface, a loading dock. Despite seeming to have everything going for it, the Dan Abraham frontage along West Center Street is cold, hostile, and uninviting. There’s not a single active use with a doorway on the entire block. It’s a wall of nothingness. Such lost potential.

  2. Matt SteeleMatthew Steele

    Also, it’s kind of sad to look at that image from the DMC Development Plan that shows – under the best case of all possible scenarios, under Rochester’s wildest ambitions – that only, even then, a tiny minority of streetscapes will be “active ground floor uses.”

    Does. Not. Portend. Well.

  3. Sam NewbergSam Newberg

    Adam, you’ve identified the elephant in the room – skyways.

    I’d be interested in seeing data on foot traffic for the sidewalks, skyways and tunnels in Rochester. I know very little about Rochester, but before I read the end of your post, I saw the skyways in the first two images and thought, “Aha! No wonder there is an office use on the ground floor!”

    Keep in mind banks can be nice active storefronts. But if, as you say, skyways are here to stay, just remember that they may very well reduce the vibrancy of the street forever. That’s not to say Mayo Clinic and Rochester shouldn’t try, though! Food trucks, benches, shade trees, bike racks, public art, everything.

    If ground floor retail and restaurants are truly a priority, Mayo Clinic may need to help pay those leases, or have a soft spot in pro formas.

  4. Shawn

    Yes, to all of this. Mayo Clinic has always driven and controlled downtown Rochester. A vibrant downtown, if not carefully managed, would be unwelcome. It’s no coincidence that the only place already working like this (1st ave) is several blocks away from and in the shadow of Mayo, but not built by Mayo.

    If Rochester wants these things, they have to do it not just without Mayo, but against them.

  5. Kenneth L. Bush: Economic Developer

    Rochester found it’s noteriety on the “Mayo Heritage. However, moving the DMC thread will need more forward thinkers to navigate a vision for these different street environments. I like what I see here as presented and as a professional in the development area I appreciate the idea of “Simplicity in Density”.

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