Contrary to most of the commentary, Minneapolis 2040, this decade’s comprehensive plan re-do, is about a lot more than allowing fourplexes in all of Minneapolis and skyscraper apartments in your neighborhood.
It starts with 14 basic goals adopted by the City Council to provide direction to staff in the development of the draft Comprehensive Plan. The 97 policies in the Comprehensive Plan flow from those goals. Under each policy are a list of action steps designed to accomplish the policy. The Land Use and Built Form maps are the tools for implementing many of the policies and action steps.
So, lets start at the beginning—with the goals (Maybe it is my engineering training but I like to deal with complex documents in a logical order). I’m just going to comment on four of the 14 Goals I think are most important. Please use the comment section to express your opinion on these or other goals: What goals do you think are important (and why)? What goals do you agree with (and why)? What goals you disagree with? I promise to compile all the comments and send them to Minneapolis’ official planning process.
Here are my comments.
GOAL 1: Reduced disparities:
In 2040, Minneapolis will have significantly reduced economic, housing, safety, and health disparities among people of color and indigenous peoples compared with white people. (https://minneapolis2040.com/goals/reduced-disparities/)
Economic, housing, education, safety and health disparities between people of color and indigenous peoples and white people has grown in Minneapolis in the last 20 years. Disparities have gone from bad to worse. This is not fair. This is not right. This is not a healthy situation for Minneapolis. Those disparities must be reduced and eventually eliminated.
GOAL 2: More residents and jobs:
In 2040, Minneapolis will have more residents and jobs, and all people will equitably benefit from that growth.(https://minneapolis2040.com/goals/more-residents-and-jobs/)
Why do we want more people in Minneapolis?
Put simply, it reduces to cost of providing government services to everyone.
- We already have a water and sewer system designed for a city of over 520,000 people (the population of Minneapolis in the 1950s).
- The costs of the fire department are largely driven by area—how fast they can get to an emergency.
- One of the cost drivers for police is also area—(e.g. for a given number of police cars and a given miles of streets, a police car can only drive down a specific street a limited number of times). With more people per mile of street, you can buy more police cars and hire more police and increase the frequency of patrols.
- The cost of maintaining residential streets is not determined by the number of people who live on the street.
Spreading these costs across more residents makes the services more affordable to everyone.
On the other side of the equation, more people means that there is a bigger market for more businesses (e.g. grocery stores, restaurants). This helps insure that needed services are in every neighborhood. And, more thriving businesses in neighborhoods means more jobs for residents.
Could we limit the number of residents if we wanted to?
Sure, but since we live in a free market, Minneapolis only has one way to limit the number of residents: limit the supply of housing. That will cause the cost of housing to increase, meaning fewer people can afford to live in Minneapolis; meaning that a lot of people who now live in Minneapolis will be forced to move out. This is what we are doing now with our current zoning.
GOAL 3: Affordable and accessible housing:
In 2040, all Minneapolis residents will be able to afford and access quality housing throughout the city. (https://minneapolis2040.com/goals/affordable-and-accessible-housing/)
According to the draft comprehensive plan:
Since 2000, Minneapolis has lost around 15,000 housing units that are considered affordable to those earning 50% of the area median income.
Most of these affordable units were not torn down; their rents increased to the point that they are no longer affordable. This is just capitalism at work.
This goal also related directly to Goal 1.
Making sure there is affordable and accessible housing for everyone will not be easy. Building more government subsidized affordable housing will help but will not solve this problem by itself. Opening up the city to more housing may or may not help solve the problem. It at least will take a long time to solve the problem by just building more housing units. This goal probably has the most controversial proposed policies attached to it.
GOAL 4: Living-wage jobs:
In 2040, all Minneapolis residents will have the training and skills necessary to participate in the economy and will have access to a living-wage job.” (https://minneapolis2040.com/goals/living-wage-jobs/)
Employment and wages is one of the major driving forces in causing disparities among races in Minneapolis. The wage and employment numbers included in the comprehensive plan are telling. Policies related to education, health, business promotion and support, and access to jobs are part of this policy.
What do you think?
There are 10 more goals in the Minneapolis 2040 Comprehensive Plan. Go through the ones you find important or interesting and provide comments. Comment in the plan itself or on this site.
- Goal 5: Healthy, safe, and connected people
- Goal 6: High-quality physical environment
- Goal 7: History and culture
- Goal 8: Creative, cultural, and natural amenities
- Goal 9: Complete neighborhoods
- Goal 10: Climate change resilience
- Goal 11: Clean environment
- Goal 12: Healthy, sustainable, and diverse economy
- Goal 13: Proactive, accessible, and sustainable government
- Goal 14: Equitable civic participation system
Your turn—use the comments section here to let everyone know what you think about the goals (and why).
One thing I like is that the draft Minneapolis 2040 plan seems much broader in scope than comp plans in other municipalities. It contrasts significantly with other Minnesota cities, even Cities of the First Class such as Rochester, who have struggled to adopt even rather modest plans as required by law. Minneapolis seems to be setting the standard by which comp plans are measured.
This IS a major effort by Minneapolis. 10 years ago Mpls only did some minor updates to the previous plan.
What do you think about including education and climate change in a city’s comp plan?
I guess that might make it *gasp* “comprehensive”!
The problem with that is that it isn’t really a comp plan at some point, just aspirations hiding the real comp plan. I have heard a lot of complaints about how hard it is to find the real, important policies in it. A lot of people feel that this is done to obscure what the plan really does – reduce regulations on the developer industry.
All comp plans are a big mix of lots of ideals and strategies and policies, many of which conflict with each other. Minneapolis’ is a lot more specific and tangible than any others I’ve seen.
I view the complexity as a result of trying to be comprehensive. That is much more likely than the complexity being a result of a conspiracy to hide something. In fact, if it was a conspiracy, it was a very poorly done conspiracy.
This is so hopeful and needed! I love it…all of it!
maybe less emphasis on “buy more police cars” – I would like to see police out of their cars, walking down the street, building community in the area on the treads of their boots. (or bike wheels I suppose.) but they need to SLOW DOWN and be a part of the community they’re policing.
yes! Police on bikes helps them make better connections to residents (and improves the safety of others who ride bikes). You also tend to notice more things in your environment when on a bike, instead of a car. Overall (but not always) I’ve been impressed by the Mpls police bike patrol officers.
Most of the 2040 feedback has been not on the Goals but on the proposed Policies and action steps. For example Reducing disparities is a good goal, I’ve never heard anyone argue for more disparities as a goal, but the discussion needs to be had around the “how”.