“The Yard” Part 3: Making it Work: for the City, Ryan Co., the Vikings, and (most important) – the Public

The Yard Series

Part 1: 3 Questions that Need to be Answered about the Yard

Part 2: Time to Raise Expectations for The Yard – A World Class Downtown Park

Part 3: “The Yard” Part 3: Making it Work: for the City, Ryan Co., the Vikings, and (most important) – the Public

A (much needed) Vision for The Yard

In the past month plans for the Vikings stadium, Downtown East and a new park, The Yard have raced ahead at lightning speed. As this has occurred, we have written two pieces that have appeared on Streets.mn. The first (by Max) and a follow up (by Sam) raised questions and outlined a vision for what The Yard can and should be.

We’ll focus on that here: that The Yard should be the go-to gathering place for public events and celebrations with attractions, programming and management. A place with events like festivals, markets, ice skating, fireworks, and performances all draw people.

A Way Forward: Why The Yard needs to attract 1.9 million annual visitors on non-game days

By far the most important piece of a successful park is not its design but rather its programming. In order to become the go-to gathering place, it must draw people for everyday events and programming throughout the year. The current vision for Vikings game days is a very good start for those eight days, but must be replicated for the other 357.

Under current designs, The Yard will need to draw 1.9 million visitors every year. That’s a lot. For perspective, attractions like Minnehaha Falls and the Stone Arch Bridge get just over 1 million every year. We arrive at this number by taking the proposed square footage of The Yard, 183,000 square feet, divided by a standard of 300 square feet per person to make a park feel safe. Multiply that by 10 hours a day, 350 days a year. Subtract out “organic visitors” (ie Wells Fargo employees and new residents, assuming 1% usage at any one time) and you arrive at 1.9 million.

In other words, an underutilized park doesn’t feel safe, and indeed may not be! The way to overcome this is proper programming. How do we do that?

Less Fort Snelling Ball Fields, More Lake Harriet Programming

Lake Harriet aerial

Most of the talk around The Yard has focused on it being a sort of multipurpose field with some formal ball fields and possibly a concession similar to Tin Fish or Sea Salt. The concession is a very welcome addition, but 180,000 square feet with only a single restaurant and a bunch of space to kick around a soccer ball or play frisbee is not going to attract 5,000+ visitors a day.

The park committee should take a lesson from other world class urban parks (Part 2 covers those nicely), but also Lake Harriet right here in our back yard. The Lake Harriet area is so well programmed with activities, events, and experiences that it would still be great even without the lake itself. Think about it: great food, summer music/movies, playgrounds, beaches, the historic trolley, places to sit and people watch, woven together by trails and small, flexible open spaces woven in between, and very well connected to the surrounding area. Active edges make active interiors and we need to make sure that:

  • The design includes many features that are destination activities. Examples from other downtown parks around the country include fireworks, ice rinks, restaurant, stage, vendors, festivals
  • That there are reliable and sufficient sources operating funds. Funding should come from assessments of nearby property owners and less from concessions (at least in the early years). Concession revenues will be uncertain and unreliable at first. See: electronic pull tabs
  • That the space is actively programmed with activities year round – ice skating, St. Patrick’s Day festival, July 4th fireworks, Octoberfest, Holiday event.

Comparing The Yard to similar downtown parks throughout the country, we both argued that while green and natural elements are important, activity, programming and management are more so. We can’t mistake that greening will automatically attract enough people to make The Yard a great place. The design of the park should include seating and shade and enough pedestrian connections to encourage multiple routes and movement around and through the park, but also appropriate surfaces to accommodate crowds and vendors, for example. The biggest mistake we could make is too much grass that will just get trampled constantly.

The Key to Success: Operating and Programming Funds. But who should pay and how much?

The Newberg post also illustrated that $25 million in additional capital funds will likely be needed for full build out as well as the reliable sourcing of between $2.5-$5 million in annual management and programming funds. This is not chump change.

Obviously the Vikings have their sights on The Yard for tailgating activities. In the current term sheet before the City Council this week, the Vikings and MSFA actually will have exclusive use rights to the eastern portion The Yard for 58 days a year (12.C.a). I agree with RT Rybak and others that this can and should be one of the best football and urban experiences in the country.

BUT, there are obvious items that need to be addressed. Going back to Bryant Park in New York for a moment. From 1994-2009 one Bryant Park was home to NY Fashion Week for two weeks every year. The event brought a tremendous amount of activity and publicity, but also the unfortunate consequence of preventing the public from using most of the park (as seen below). The Vikings and the MSFA should absolutely hold tailgating festivities in The Yard, but they should not have a monopoly over the use of park space on non-game days.

Bryant Park, NYC - Dominated by NY Fashion Week

Bryant Park, NYC – Dominated by NY Fashion Week

To the Vikings’ credit, they have agreed to contribute $1 million to The Yard improvements. By our reckoning, however, based on the possible $25 million improvement cost, and that the Vikings/MSFA get to use The Yard 58 days per year (16%), they should contribute at least $4 million to development of the park. Furthermore, and perhaps more importantly, 16% of ongoing management and programming is $400,000 per year. For all of the public dollars going to benefit the Vikings and MSFA use of a public space, the least we can expect is for those who benefit most to pay their fair share.

 Recommendations to the City Council and Park Committee

The Yard can and should be a real asset for Wells Fargo, the Viking, the City, Ryan Cos., and – most importantly – the public. Here are our recommendations:

  1. Take the operations of The Yard out of Ryan Cos’ Term Sheet: Ryan Cos. has committed to building out the basics for The Yard, but will not fund, construct, nor maintain the “ultimate” park. This is very reasonable as this is not their area of expertise. BUT, that said, since Ryan is not on the hook to fully build out or maintain The Yard, they should not be negotiating the terms of its ongoing use in the place of a to-be-determined owner/operator.
  2. In the case that the MSFA and the Viking’s retain the exclusive usage of the park for up to 58 days (rather than the 10 days a year we recommend) than they should commit to funding 20% of the capital costs AND operating/programming funds toward The Yard for the length of their usage agreement.
  3. Commitments and legislation authorizing for operating dollars should be made upfront, not after the fact. As we noted before, this is the main determining factor of success for The Yard, not an afterthought left to be dealt with later
  4. Park and Portland should not only be narrowed and made two-way streets, but become curbless, instead relying on bollards to define borders, etc., in order to make the park more visually connected, minimizing the disruption of a street bisecting it. Mid-block crosswalks should be considered.
The Yard with Park Portland cut through

A Yard Divided

This post was written by Max Musicant and Sam Newberg

Max Musicant

About Max Musicant

Max is the owner and Principal of The Musicant Group (www.musicantgroup.com) - a placemaking advisory firm dedicated to "Creating Great Places for People". The firm combines urban planning, design, and business management strategies to create on-going systems that improve public spaces for visitors, tenants, residents, and owners. He holds a BA from the University of Wisconsin and an MBA from the Yale School of Management

13 thoughts on ““The Yard” Part 3: Making it Work: for the City, Ryan Co., the Vikings, and (most important) – the Public

  1. Bill LindekeBill Lindeke

    these recommendations are excellent. all we need now is to write them out using some sort of giant signage only visible from space in order to get the necessary leverage to make it happen.

  2. Adam MillerAdam

    I take it closing the one block stretch of either Park or Portland or both is off the table? Closing Portland between 4th and 5th and making Park two way would seem to be even better to me. Or if we’re really concerned about capacity (I’m not sure why we would be), maybe partially closing Portland, either except for emergencies (ala Pennsylvania Ave in front of the White House) or except for rush hour. If it’s well-designed, the “roadway” could be a feature that can be put to use when the cars aren’t there.

  3. Max MusicantMax Musicant Post author

    I had one additional recommendation that I took out: save the Star Tribune building (the Council just decided to go against the Historic Preservation Commission). My reasoning was less historic, than practical. With Park/Portland slicing through the park, any sort of “scale” advantages are lost, they will function as two separate spaces unless there is some very cool/expensive bridging that is done.

    My thinking was that we should redevelop the STrib building and be left with one really good block of park rather than two weird and discontinuous parks that don’t really function – we’d also be able to further concentrate our capital and operating dollars. But alas, it was not meant to be.

  4. Andrew

    Great posts. Who can we forward them all to on city council? Have they already been forwarded on? I want to push city council to make this park setup happen.

  5. Max MusicantMax Musicant Post author

    I would send any comments to the Councilperson where you live first. Calls also go a long way – even though you’ll likely just leave a message with a staff person.

    Current City Council contact information is (7 new members coming in 2013 who will oversee the implementation of this) :

    All phone numbers are: 612-673-22__ (last two digits are the ward number, ie 01 for Ward 1, etc.)

    Ward Council Member
    1 Kevin Reich: kevin.reich@minneapolismn.gov
    2 Cam Gordon: cam.gordon@minneapolismn.gov
    3 Diane Hofstede diane.hofstede@minneapolismn.gov
    4 Barbara Johnson barb.johnson@minneapolismn.gov
    5 Don Samuels don.samuels@minneapolismn.gov
    6 Robert Lilligren robert.lilligren@minneapolismn.gov
    7 Lisa Goodman lisa.goodman@minneapolismn.gov
    8 Elizabeth Glidden elizabeth.glidden@minneapolismn.gov
    9 Gary Schiff gary.schiff@minneapolismn.gov
    10 Meg Tuthill mig.tuthill@minneapolismn.gov
    11 John Quincy john.quincy@minneapolismn.gov
    12 Sandy Colvin Roy sandra.colvin.roy@minneapolismn.gov
    13 Betsy Hodges betsy.hodges@minneapolismn.gov

    1. Max MusicantMax Musicant Post author

      The project goes to Ways and Means committee tomorrow:
      Betsy Hodges, chair
      Sandy Colvin Roy, vice-chair
      Gary Schiff
      Elizabeth Glidden
      Diane Hofstede
      Meg Tuthill

  6. Jon

    Has anyone heard about a possiblity of a land bridge over Park (and/or) Portland? I’m thinking similar to the Loring Greenway? This way the street(s) could remain open but the land could be a continuous park? Also a high and low level of land in the park would be great to create a natual ampitheater for movies, concerts, sledding, etc. I’m assuming I haven’t heard about this as an option because of cost considerations, but I think it would be a great option.

  7. MplsJaromir

    I think its precious that you believe that a thug like Zygi “Alligator Arms” Wilf is going to willingly give money so that this park has programming on non game days. If you are not aware, Zygi Wilf rips off his business partners. Going into deals with the Wilfs is a bad idea. Make the park half the size and things will be much better.

  8. Jeremy B

    Great post and recommendations, especially nos. 1 and 2. However, on number four, I have to disagree vehemently.

    Ever since losing Marquette and 2nd to full-time bicycle use, the only corridors for getting clear across downtown are Park and Portland. They have become anchors for Minneapolis cycling infrastructure, in particular because they become buffered bike lanes farther south. The suggestion of narrowing these two streets and making them two-ways sounds like a bike lane elimination. Is this what is meant? If so, then I think it’s a bad suggestion.

    1. Sam NewbergSam Newberg

      Jeremy, glad you pointed this out – what I meant was that bollards would replace curbs along Park and Portland, and the sidewalk and street would be similar pavement, like Chicago Avenue is now in front of the dome. Doing so makes the crossing of the street more seamless and visually unites the park. I absolutely favor continued use of Park and Portland as bike lanes, and if they were buffered all the better. Other traffic calming is a good idea as well.

      The overall point is if the park is to cover two blocks and we cannot close the street, let’s minimize its visual and physical impact as much as possible.

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