A New Vision Zero for St. Paul: Part 1 – Introduction

The time has come for St. Paul to become, officially, a Vision Zero city.

According to the Vision Zero city map, St. Paul is among the cities “considering”, though it is under consideration in the city’s draft 2040 Transportation Plan, which is open to comments at this time. Incidentally, the fact that any city in Florida (the home of “FloridaMan” and ridiculously aggressive drivers), Texas (need I say more?) or Snow Texas (otherwise known officially as “Alaska”) has beat St. Paul to this means we are WAY behind on this.

So, to the end of promoting Vision Zero for the City of St. Paul, a broad outline of Vision Zero will be presented in multiple parts, accompanied by several specific policy recommendations and policy-making guidelines for the City of St. Paul.

Where do we start? The beginnings are easy: In order to become a Vision Zero city, the following minimum criteria must be met:

1) The city must set a clear goal of eliminating traffic fatalities and injuries.

2) The Mayor must publicly and officially commit to Vision Zero.

3) A Vision Zero strategy must be in place, or the Mayor’s office must commit to implementation within a clear timeframe.

4) City public safety departments must be engaged.

It’s that simple, at least to make the initial commitment. Obviously, the path from the basic commitment to the implementation of the idea is more complex. The first two items, while they appear to be the easiest, constitute a challenging ethical commitment that will be outlined. The third and fourth items are where ethical vision is translated into action, and where policy recommendations are needed.

As of July 2017, St. Paul is on pace to exceed its abysmally landmark performance in 2016 for pedestrian and cyclist traffic mishaps, including two fatalities. 2016 was a year in which the State of Minnesota reached a 25 year high for pedestrian deaths. While most of the carnage is in the suburbs, well-intentioned campaigns within St. Paul like “Stop For Me” and other police enforcement actions have done very little to move the metrics by a statistically significant degree. A new approach should be considered.

Right now, nothing else is in the offering, save for more “Stop For Me” events and Minnesota “Toward Zero Deaths”: a program which, in my opinion, is a sop to placate Vision Zero advocates. It is also a nationwide initiative of the Federal Highway Administration, with highway-oriented goals and an event calendar full of law-enforcement luncheon. The new approach might as well be Vision Zero. In New York City’s first year as a Vision Zero city, traffic fatalities and injuries reached the lowest level since 1910 – the year data collection began. And it’s getting better. 

NYC pedestrian fatalities from 2000-2014. Trend has been downward for some time, but year one of Vision Zero was a big jump.

St. Paul has some of the groundwork available to be a Vision Zero city already in place. Vision Zero requires a multi-disciplinary approach to evaluation and planning, something that happens at the District Council level, and at the office of the Mayor, which employs a pedestrian advocate, and a bicycle planner. These are excellent foundations to build on.

The next step is the ethical commitment. Vision Zero departs from the historic norm for American cities in that it posits that traffic deaths and severe injuries are preventable, and they can be eliminated within a clear timeframe through a combination of infrastructure and human factors engineering, and a slow campaign of cultural change…much like the decades-long yet successful campaigns against drunk driving, smoking, or the initiatives to increase recycling.

As a Vision Zero city St. Paul must pledge to the ethical commitment that all transportation planning and policy will treat motor-vehicle convenience as subordinate to the safety of non-vehicular travel, and that cost-benefit calculations against any expected loss of life will never be an acceptable planning point for policy.

After the ethical commitment, Vision Zero implementation starts with five other “E’s”, which will be discussed individually in their own subsequent installments in this series. Those Five “E’s” are: Evaluation, Engineering, Enforcement, Education, and Encouragement. In the next post in this series, I will briefly discuss Evaluation.

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6 Responses to A New Vision Zero for St. Paul: Part 1 – Introduction

  1. Bill Lindeke
    Bill Lindeke August 3, 2017 at 10:35 am #

    Thanks for leading the way about thinking through what this would mean. A Vision Zero policy is in the new Comp Plan updates, I believe.

  2. Joan Pasiuk August 3, 2017 at 1:08 pm #

    Good ped advocacy. Please also consider addressing the 6th E — equity.

  3. Anne White
    Anne White August 3, 2017 at 1:53 pm #

    Michael, thank you for taking on the issue of Vision Zero. I used to live in Saint Paul and was very involved in efforts to make walking and biking safer. I also wrote for streets.mn. In fact, I wrote one of the related articles you cite — Pedestrian Crosswalk Demonstrations Show Need for Vision Zero Saint Paul.

    In May 2016, I moved to the east coast, but before leaving, I was honored for my community work by the City Council, which passed a resolution declaring April 27, 2016 Anne White Day in the City of Saint Paul. In response, after thanking them, I urged the council members to declare Saint Paul a Vision Zero City, and to develop an action plan to reach the goal of zero deaths due to traffic crashes. Here is an excerpt from my statement:

    “… In the first 90 days of 2016, 47 pedestrians and bicyclists were hit on Saint Paul streets—an average of one every other day. Sadly, one of those crashes was fatal. It’s clear we need to do much more [in addition to the Stop for Me awareness campaign].

    So my parting request to the City Council is that you take a stand by declaring that no loss of life is acceptable on our streets due to traffic crashes — and that you do so by adopting a Vision Zero policy, with an action plan and specific goals and timelines. Vision Zero is based on the premise that traffic crashes are preventable, even in the face of human error, and that success requires everyone working together through education, enforcement and engineering, to change the culture. In fact, cities that have adopted Vision Zero have seen substantial progress in reducing fatalities and injuries due to traffic crashes.

    So I urge the City Council to adopt Vision Zero for the City of Saint Paul. And to make this easier to accomplish, I’ve prepared a draft resolution, calling for adoption in June 2016, with an action plan to be developed within a year.”

    I have not included my draft resolution, since it’s more than a year out of date, but would be happy to forward it to you, Michael, if you’re interested. Yes, it’s way past time for Saint Paul to join the ranks of Vision Zero cities, and I hope your series of street.mn articles will serve to give new urgency to efforts to provide safe passage for people on foot.

    Meanwhile, I’m busy making trouble on the east coast, in the Village of Sleepy Hollow where I now live (home of the Headless Horseman!). With a total population of about 10,000, the issues are similar, but on a much smaller scale, making it difficult to garner interest and support for pedestrian safety and accessibility. First accomplishment: reducing the speed limit on village streets from 30 mph to 25 mph. Now I’m working on a committee to expand the sidewalk network along the edge of the Hudson River, as part of a 51-mile Riverwalk from Poughkeepsie to Yonkers.

  4. Jaquelyn Moore-Williams August 4, 2017 at 7:56 am #

    Why would St Paul need to wait until 2040?

  5. Dana DeMaster
    DanaD August 4, 2017 at 9:04 am #

    Whenever we discuss Vision Zero I like to keep in mind Adonia Lugo’s article “Unsolicited Advice For Vision Zero.” It provides an important view on how policing as a way to enforce traffic laws has different impacts on different communities, among other things.

    http://www.urbanadonia.com/2015/09/unsolicited-advice-for-vision-zero.html

    • Bill Lindeke
      Bill Lindeke August 4, 2017 at 10:03 am #

      I am a big fan of Dr. Lugo. We went on a bike tour around Minneapolis once!

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